Category Archives: Info sheets

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease, also known as slapped cheek disease, is an infection caused by a virus. It is so named because Fifth disease was the fifth pink-red rash in childhood to be described by doctors. It usually occurs in the winter and spring, but a child can become ill with the disease any time of the year.

What are the possible symptoms?

Your child may not feel ill, but may have one or more of the following symptoms:

  •  Low grade fever
  •  Tiredness, runny nose, sore throat
  •  Flushed cheeks (looks like the face has been slapped)
  •  Rash on the arms, legs, and body that may last up to 3-6 weeks. Sometimes the rash can come and go for weeks. It can happen more if your child is in the sun, or becomes warm.

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Quick facts about Hand, foot, and mouth

What is hand, foot, and mouth disease?

Your child may have hand, foot, and mouth disease, if your child has:

  • Low grade fever between 100° F and 102° F
  • Small, painful sores in his mouth
  • Small water blisters or red spots on the palms of his hands and soles of the feet. You may also see these blisters on the webs between the fingers and toes.
  • Five or fewer blisters on each hand or foot
  • The blisters will appear as the fever is resolving, and may also be preceded by drooling and decreased appetite.

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Head Lice

What are head lice?

Head lice only live on human beings.  They can be spread quickly by using the hat, comb, or brush of an infected person. The nits (eggs) normally hatch into lice within one week. Your child probably has lice if:

  • The nits (white eggs) are firmly attached to hairs.  Unlike dandruff, nits can’t be shaken off.
  • There are gray bugs (lice) in the hair approximately 1/16 inch long. They move quickly, and are difficult to see.
  • Your child’s scalp itches and has a rash.

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Lyme Disease

Quick facts about ticks and Lyme disease

  • Lyme is the most common disease spread by a tick bite. The bacteria are transmitted by deer ticks.  Lyme disease is not carried by the more common wood tick, which is bigger.
  • In the New England states, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, up to 50% of deer ticks are infected with Lyme disease.  But, even in these high-risk areas, only 1% of children bitten by a deer tick get Lyme disease.
  • The longer a tick is attached to a person, the greater chance of being infected by the tick.  For Lyme disease to be transmitted, the tick needs to be attached for at least 24 hours.  You are more likely to get the infection if the tick remains attached for more than 48 hours.

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